1999 03 - R/V Meteor Cruise M44-3

12.03.-04.04.1999 : Aqaba (Jordan) - Safaga (Egypt) - Duba (Saudi Arabia) - Suez (Egypt) - Haifa (Israel), 

Working Area: Northern Red Sea, Gulf of Aqaba

Chief Scientist: Dr. Pätzold

Chief Seismic: Dr. Hübscher

MTU Participants: Böke, Gutowski, Kästner, Salem

Cruise Report, Weekly Reports, Detail MapsMCS Lines

Groups in­vol­ved

  • Working Group Marine Geology, Department of Geosciences, Bremen University (GeoB AG Wefer)
  • Working Group Marine Technology/Environmental Research, Department of Geoscience, Bremen University (GeoB AG Spiess (MTU))
  • ...


  • GI Gun 2 x 0.4 L  (Generator-Injector; Sodera)
  • Watergun S-15 0.16 L (Sodera)
  • Syntron Streamer 300 m, 24 channels, 6.25 m groups or less, 12.5 m group spacing
  • Bison Spectra Recording System 48 channel, 20 kHz
  • Multibeam System Hydrosweep DS 15.5 kHz - Atlas Elektronik
  • Parasound Sediment Echosounder 18/4 kHz - Atlas Elektronik
  • ParaDigMA Digital Acquisition for Parasound

Acquisition Setup during Cruise M44-3


Ehrhardt, Axel, Hübscher C., (2015), The Northern Red Sea in transition from rifting to drifting – lessons learned from ocean deeps; in: The Red Sea: the formation, morphology, oceanography and environment of a young ocean basin; Editor: Najeeb Rasul and Ian C.F. Stewart, Springer Earth System Sciences, 99-121. DOI 10.1007/978-3-662-45201-1_5

Ehrhardt Axel, Hübscher C., Gajewski D. (2005) Conrad Deep, Northern Red Sea: Development of an early stage ocean deep within the axial depression. Tectonophysics, 411, 19-40, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2005.08.011.

Ehrhardt Axel, Hübscher C., Ben-Avraham Z., Gajewski D. (2005) Seismic study of pull-apart-induced sedimentation and deformation in the Northern Gulf of Aqaba (Elat) Tectonophysics, 396, 59-79, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2004.10.011.

Ehrhardt, Axel (2004) Seismic and Hydroacoustic Studies of Surficial Sediment Tectonics along the Northern Red Sea Rift and the Dead Sea Transform Fault. Dissertation Univ. Hamburg, 133 pp.. https://ediss.sub.uni-hamburg.de/bitstream/ediss/791/2/dissertation.pdf.

Salem, Mohamed (2003) Geophysical investigations of submarine prolongations of alluvial fans on the western side of the Gulf of Aqaba-Red Sea. Fachbereich Geowissenschaften, Berichte, 221, 100 pp.. https://media.suub.uni-bremen.de/bitstream/elib/2865/1/00101408-1.pdf

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